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Oceanographical Institute


The oceanographical Institute of Nha Trang contributes largely to the study and the safeguarding of the Vietnamese marine ecosystems. Since the end of the XIXe century, the French scientists led the first research in marine ecology to Vietnam.

The oceanographical Institute of Nha Trang was founded on September 14, 1922. Consequently, research intensified and, after 80 years of activity, the institute published 170 specialized books. More than 1.100 works of scientific research were published in the magazines of the establishment and the foreign reviews. At present, the institute is able to provide the results of more than 6.700 studies carried out at  Eastern Sea, starting from 149.000 stations. The essential tasks of the institute consist in carrying out surveys into the natural environments and training oceanographers. During the last 80  years, the institute carried out research in many areas: littoral of Vietnam, bays of Thailand, gulf of the Vat Bô, archipelagoes of Hoàng Sa (Paracels) and Truong Sa (Spratly)…

The museum of the oceanographical Institute of Nha Trang has the vastest collection of samples of alive beings of Eastern sea. The visitors can not only admire hundreds of species of the tropical seas, but also study more than 20.000 species of Eastern sea. One as well finds there species of the Kampuchean Vietnamese seas  and, or even of close countries, of which extremely rare species like the dugong. Among the scarcities of the museum, the coral trick (Lsis hippurisa) and the carcass of an 18 m  long whale and a weight of 10 tons, found in the sediments of the delta of the Red river 200 years ago. It is about a relic of great scientic value.

The library provided to the researchers of the general works on the studies carried out at sea, more than 1.000 magazines published since the years 1930 as well as rare and invaluable books. Success in the coralliferous culture For the first time in Vietnam, the scientists of the Institute of Nha Trang succeeded, on an experimental basis, the coral culture in an artificial environment.

According to Doctor Nguyên TAC Year, director of the establishment since October 2001, the Institute launched a research program in order to protect and restore the coral reefs, the herbaria marine and also to cure the various problems of pollution. From one 36 months duration, this project has funds of investment of 2,8 billion dôngs. After 6 months of culture on an experimental basis of 10 species of corals and marine grasses in an artificial environment, the results obtained are encouraging. Doctor Nguyên TAC Year let know that in 2003, approximately 10 ha of corals should be planted in the maritime area in the south of the town of Quy Nhon, like around some islands of the sector Hon Mun-Nha Trang.

In the long run, the Institute plans to cooperate with the provinces of Quang Ninh, Binh Dinh and Khanh Hoa to reimplant coral solid masses in places where they disappeared. In the future, Vietnamese will be able to cultivate them at commercial purposes, in particular for the tourist market. Once transferred to the fishermen, this technology of culture will not only contribute to restore the coral reefs and the herbaria, but still to durably develop the saving in this sector, in particular in the fields of the culture of the seafood and tourism.

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